1. Install and maintain smoke alarms ­
  • Smoke alarms alert you to fire and give you time to escape. ­
  • Install smoke alarms on each level of your home. ­
  • Test smoke alarms regularly and follow the manufacturer’s instructions. ­
  • Replace weak or dead batteries immediately with new ones. ­
  • Remember, if your smoke alarms are hardwired, they will not function during a power failure. Consider installing a backup battery powered smoke alarm as an additional asset to your home.
  1. Have a home fire escape plan ­
  • Make a home fire escape plan, and practice your plan so that everyone knows what to do in the event of a fire emergency. ­
  • Prepare and practice a fire escape plan with every member of your household. ­
  • Look for two ways out of each room – windows and doors. If you get caught in smoke, the cleanest air will be near the floor. ­
  • Get down on your hands and knees, and crawl to the nearest safe exit. ­
  • Arrange an outside meeting place and a safe location to call 9-1-1. ­
  • Never go back inside for anything!
  1. Kitchen safety ­
  • Never leave cooking unattended. ­
  • Keep children at least 1 metre away from the stove. ­
  • Don’t wear loose fitting clothing, and be careful not to reach over hot burners. ­
  • If a pot catches fire, cover it with a lid to smother the flames, and turn off the burner. ­
  • Keep pot handles turned inward.
  1. Candle safety ­
  • Don’t use candles if you have pets or children in the house. ­
  • Extinguish candles before leaving the room or going to sleep. ­
  • Place candles in sturdy containers and at least 0.3 metres (one foot) away from anything that can burn.
  1. Space heaters need space ­
  • Keep portable and space heaters at least 1 metre (3 feet) from anything that can burn. ­
  • Never leave heaters on when you leave the house or go to bed. ­
  • Keep children well away from heaters.
  1. Smoking is hazardous ­
  • Encourage smokers to smoke outside. Provide sturdy, deep ashtrays, and make sure cigarette butts and ashes are out before throwing them away. ­
  • Remember it is just as dangerous to fall asleep smoking on the couch or in a chair as it is in a bed. Never smoke in bed or when you are feeling drowsy. ­
  • Smokers need watchers. Before going to sleep, check under and around sofa cushions and upholstered furniture for smoldering cigarettes.
  1. Keep matches and lighters out of reach ­
  • Keep matches and lighters out of reach of children – up high and preferably locked up. ­
  • Teach children that matches and lighters are only for adults.
  1. Use electricity safely ­
  • If an appliance smokes or smells like it is burning, unplug it immediately and have it repaired. ­
  • Check all of your electrical cords, and replace any that are cracked or frayed. ­
  • Don’t overload electrical outlets or run extension cords under rugs or carpets. ­
  • Don’t tamper with the fuse boxes or use fuses of improper size. ­
  • Unplug items such as toasters and coffee makers when not in use.
  1. Stop, drop and roll ­
  • If your clothes catch fire, don’t run. ­
  • Stop where you are, ­
  • Drop gently to the ground cover your face with your hands to protect your face and lungs, ­
  • Roll over and over until to the flames are smothered.
  1. Power failures ­
  • When power fails, don’t use open flames or a charcoal grill indoors. ­
  • Don’t use gas-fueled appliances as alternative heating sources indoors. ­
  • If you plan to use a portable generator, don’t connect household items to the generator unless you have it wired professionally. Don’t hook the generator up to your home’s electrical system. ­
  • Be sure the generator is kept outside, where exhaust doesn’t enter buildings. ­
  • Test your smoke alarms now – remember, if they’re hardwired, they won’t function during a power failure. Install backup battery-powered smoke alarms for additional protection.

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